Aquariums require regular care and maintenance but overall are easy to maintain. Below is a guide to the first step of owning your aquarium and what you will need.

 

1. LOCATION

 

1. LOCATION

The location of your aquarium needs to be established by taking the following measures into consideration:

  • Avoid direct sunlight to prevent the water temperature increasing and causing excess  algae growth

  • Ensure the location can support the size and weight of your aquarium after it is filled with water

  • If your aquarium is not framed and without a stand, place a layer of Styrofoam underneath to avoid stress.

 

What is a frameless tank?

A frameless tank is made up of glass panels glued together with silicone. A frameless tank requires support such as Styrofoam underneath to support its weight, and to even out irregularities on the surface that the tank is sitting on, to avoid damage to the tank.

 

How do you work out the amount of litres of water in your tank?

To receive more accurate measurements, measure the inside of your tank to eliminate the thickness of the glass. When measuring the height, be sure to measure the height of where the water level will sit and not the entire height of the aquarium.


2. CHOOSING A FISH TYPE

 

2. CHOOSING A FISH TYPE

The size of the aquarium that can fit in your location will determine the type of fish you can have. Coldwater, Tropical or Marine are three different types of habitats in which fish live. Each habitat requires different skill level, care and equipment to ensure the fish are kept healthy and happy.

  • Coldwater - Are types of fish such as goldfish and are able to survive in cold water temperatures.

  • Tropical Freshwater - Are kept in heated freshwater aquariums. Types of tropical fish are cichlids, platies and tetras.

  • Marine - Are kept in saltwater aquariums. Types of marine fish are clown fish, tangs and butterfly fish.

 

3. EQUIPMENT

 

3. EQUIPMENT

Once a decision has been made on the size of the aquarium and the type of fish, the correct equipment can be purchased.

 

4. DECORATIONS

4. DECORATIONS

Having decorations in your aquarium will enhance the setup. It is important to provide a focal point for fish to defend their territory with ornaments that provide a place to rest and hide. Some species such as cichlids and catfish must have a hide cave available to them. 

 

How much fish can fit into your aquarium?

For every 10 litres of water in your aquarium, you can have up to 3cms of fish. This is a very broad guideline as there are many factors to take into account. Always remember less fish is easier to look after than more. It is important to consult with your local aquarium to help guide you in the right direction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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