FILTERS

 

FILTERS

Filtration in your aquarium is a very important role in keeping your fish healthy. The filter will clean the water of debris and remove toxic build up of ammonia, and nitrite. 

CANISTERS

Canisters are low maintenance and powerful filters that are placed below the tank inside an aquarium stand. Canister filter provide excellent biological, chemical and mechanical filtration due to their size.

HANG ON

Hang on filters are designed to be clipped onto the back of your aquarium. They provide very high levels of filtration without taking up too much space. Hang on filters are easy to use and provide great biological, chemical and mechanical filtration

INTERNAL

Internal filters are simple, compact and great for small aquariums. Most internal filters provide biological, chemical and mechanical filtration. Internal filters are placed on the inside of the aquarium close to an adjoining wall to save space.

WET/DRY

Wet/Dry filters are most commonly used for saltwater but are equally suitable for freshwater aquariums. The biological filter media is situated out of the water, with water trickling over it. Wet/Dry filters are situated outside underneath the aquarium. Aquariums require modification to be used with the wet/dry filter.

SUMPS

Sumps are situated outside and underneath aquariums and are most suitable for coral tanks. They provide a place for equipment and filtration while keeping water levels stable and free of contaminates within the aquarium. Sumps can be used to place protein skimmers, heaters and filters which will remain hidden and allowing more space in your aquarium.

There are three different types of filtrations available for aquariums from mechanical, biological and chemical. The filtration you chose for your aquarium should be based on the requirements of your fish. All filters include a combination of some of the below. 

MECHANIC FILTRATION

Mechanical filtration will trap floating particles of fish waste, uneaten food and other debris in the aquarium water. Common types of filter media are sponges and filter wool. Most mechanical media will also promote the colonisation of beneficial bacteria

BIOLOGICAL FILTRATION

Biological filtration is the natural process of bacteria breaking down dangerous compounds into a less toxic form. It involves turning ammonia into nitrite and then into nitrate. Biological media is available in porous rock, ceramic substrate or bio balls, which is usually placed in the filtration system.

CHEMICAL FILTRATION

Chemical filtration is used through chemical media such as activated carbon placed inside the filter. This will help remove dissolved waste such as fish waste or uneaten food that can cause discoloration and odours inside the fish tank. Some chemical media can also remove nitrates, ammonia and other toxins.

 

AERATION

 AERATION

Aeration is extremely important in maintaining an aquarium and keeping your fish, invertebrates and plants healthy. Water flow at the surface of the aquarium increases both the amount of oxygen entering the water from the air and the carbon dioxide leaving the water. (This process is called gas exchange.) The flow from a filter increases aeration dramatically if the outlet is placed near the surface of the water creating ripples. Without aeration, gas exchange may not happen as quickly as your fish are using oxygen. This is especially dangerous in hot weather. 

AIR STONES

Air stones are available in various shapes and sizes. They turn the air from an air pump into fine air bubbles to assist in maximising the oxygen level in your aquarium by moving water to the surface. Air Stones are generally best situated in a less circulated area of an aquarium to increase surface movement and can act as a back up to keep the water circulating if the filter stops for any reason.

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HEATING

HEATING

If you have decided to care for tropical fish, it’s very important to have a heater in your fish tank set up. Maintaining water temperature will keep your fish happy and healthy. 
It is important to have a thermometer in your tank to ensure the water is sitting at the correct temperature.

  

How do you work out the right sized heater for your aquarium?

A good rule of thumb is to use 1 watt per litre of water in your aquarium. This may vary according to individual circumstance, for example, a very cold room may require a more powerful heater.

  

LIGHTING

LIGHTING

Lighting is highly recommended for any aquarium set up. Not only will it provide a modern, sleek aesthetic appearance to your aquarium, but it is vital for the health of your fish and plants.

Light Intensity- Lighting is important for the health of fish, invertebrates and plants as well as being aesthetically pleasing. Light intensity is measured in lumens, which measure the amount of visible light that is emitted by a lighting unit and how much light the unit puts out. It is recommended to speak with your local retailer in choosing the right lighting unit to best suit your fish, inv ertebrates and plants.

Light Quality- When deciding on a lighting system for your aquarium, it is important to replicate the natural environment for your fish, invertebrates and plants as close as possible. Different colour spectrums apply depending on what is inside your aquarium.

Marine aquariums use more of a blue light spectrum to recreate natural light found at ocean depths, emphasising colours of your fish whilst aiding certain marine invertebrates in the photosynthesis process.

Freshwater Tropical aquariums use a red and blue light spectrum to provide the light plants need to photosynthesise. Converting carbon dioxide to oxygen within aquarium water is one of the key benefits of keeping live aquatic plants and a healthy aquarium.           

Light Duration- Everyone needs a period of light and darkness and so does your aquarium. Lighting influences fish and invertebrates behaviour, it is recommended to have your aquarium lighting on for a 10 hour consistent period each day. When your aquarium lighting is off for its rest period, ensure the surrounding area of the tank is not fully lit.

FLUORESCENT

Fluorescent lights brighten the world inside aquariums and are very energy efficient in comparison to Incandescent lighting. Fluorescent lighting is available in a wide range of wattages and different pigments. It is recommended that fluorescent bulbs are replaced every 6 to 12 months.

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LED

LED lighting units are the next generation of aquatic lighting. They are high energy efficient lighting solutions that are more powerful than fluorescent lighting. LED lighting creates a visually stunning spectrum for enhancing the colours of fish and ornaments within the aquarium. Although LED lighting can be costly umpront, they are less maintenance and long lasting.

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INCANDESCENT

Incandescent lighting produces a lot of heat and is no longer commonly used in aquarium lighting. The heat generated by the incandescent lighting makes it difficult to regulate the temperature within the aquarium.

 

How long should I leave my aquarium light on each day?

The ideal length of time to have your aquarium light on is generally 10 hours per day. It is important for fish to have night time to prevent them from becoming stressed.

  

ORNAMENTS

ORNAMENTS

It is important to prevent the fish tank becoming overcrowded. Not only does this make the maintenance harder, but it will create less room for the fish to move around in. You will want to replicate a natural environment that includes an ornament with little caves which will allow the fish a chance to rest and hid

Decoration-Ornament

 

How do I clean my existing ornaments and artificial plants?

When cleaning your existing aquarium ornaments or artificial plants, place them in a clean sink or bucket, avoiding chemicals. It is important that your ornaments or artificial plants do not come into contact with any chemicals, as this is harmful to your fish. Wash your ornaments or artificial plants with an aquarium safe sponge or brush under clean water

 

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